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Spinal trauma and its management

Early diagnosis of injury, preservation of spinal cord function, maintenance and restoration of spinal alignment and stability are the key to successful management. Evaluation for...

Polytrauma

Primary Survey History (AMPLE) Allergy, medication, past medical experience, last oral intake, events surrounding the injury. PHYSICAL EXAMINATION A team approach involving physicians, nurses, technicians & trained paramedical...

Thoracic Trauma

Primary Survey History:  AMPLE A-- allergies, M--- medication, P-- past medical experience, L-- last oral intake, E-- events surrounding the injury Physical Examination Airway, Breathing, Circulation,...

Ectopic Pregnancy

Ectopic pregnancy results from implantation of fertilized ovum outside the uterine cavity, mostly in a fallopian tube.  Pre-existing disease affecting the tube (salpingitis), appendicitis,...

Acute pancreatitis

Inflammatory process ranges from mild oedema to necrosis of pancreas & peripancreatic tissues.  Clinically it presents as abrupt onset of epigastric pain, frequently with...

Chance Fracture

Chance fracture (also known by the name of fracture of the spine, transverse fracture of the spine, seat belt injury) is a flexion injury...

Acute abdominal pain

Evaluation of a patient with acute abdominal pain requires careful history, physical examination by skilled physician, in conjunction with selective diagnostic testing.  Common causes...

Trauma during pregnancy

Presentation and Clinical Features Trauma is a frequent event in pregnancy. Initial interventions are aimed at stabilization of mother according to advanced trauma life support...

Nose Bleeding and its management

Epistaxis (or a more commonly known as nosebleeding) is the common occurrence of hemorrhage from the nose, usually noticed when the blood drains out through the nostrils. There are...

Burns and their management

Primary Survey: Initial Assessment:   Mechanism of injury, inhalational injury; CO poisoning, associated injuries, patient’s age, and previous state of health, pre-hospital treatment. Physical examination:   Airway, Breathing, Circulation. Removal of...

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