Coccidioidomycosis is a fungal disease caused by Coccidioides immitis/C. posadasii. It is endemic in certain parts of US States of Arizona, California, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, Utah and northwestern Mexico.
It is also known by the names of “California disease”, “Desert rheumatism”, “San Joaquin valley fever”, and “Valley fever”.
Construction workers, Farmers, Military personnel or Archaeologists indeed anyone having relation to a profession involving soil, dirt and dust are most likely to get Valley Fever. You are also at higher risk if you are caught in dust storms, or if your recreation, such as biking or 4-wheeling, takes you to dusty areas. One thing you can do to minimize your risk of getting Valley Fever is to wear a mask if you have to be out in blowing dust.
- Chest pain — varying from a mild feeling of constriction to intense pressure resembling a heart attack
- Night sweats
- Shortness of breath
- Joint aches
- Red, spotty rash
About two thirds of the people who are infected never notice any symptoms, or experience mild symptoms and never even get treatment.
Cavities occur in about 5% of patients with pulmonary cocci. The typical cocci cavity is thin-walled and solitary. Coccidioidal cavities are commonly asymptomatic (do not cause symptoms) and about 50% will disappear within 2 years of their occurrence. A cavity may persist for years with minor changes. About one-third of the patients with cavities may experience hemoptysis (coughing blood). The hemoptysis is often recurrent but generally not life-threatening. If rupture of the cavity is a large possibility, surgical removal may be necessary.
Is it contangious?
No. You cannot get it from another person or from an animal.
Less than 1% of the people who get Valley Fever die from it.
Who are the experts?
Valley Fever Center for Excellence is a center dedicated for the research in this disease by University of Arizona
You can always contact them in hand or my digital or telephonic means :
1656 E. Mabel St. P.O. Box 245215 Tucson, Arizona 85724-4224
Phone: (520) 626-6517 Fax: (520) 626-4971