First Synthetic Cell: J. Craig Venter Institute announced in 2010 that they have created the first synthetic cell which can sustain life. Created at a cost of $40 million, this experimental one-cell organism, which can reproduce, opened the way to the manipulation of life on a previously unattainable scale.

First Artificial lungs & its transplant in humans: Doctors at the Harvard Medical School used stem cells to construct an artificial lung, which functioned for up to six hours when transplanted into a rat. However the same year, two year old Owen Stark was not only the youngest person to ever receive an artificial lung, he also became the first American to have the this artificial lungs implanted. Read more at: First experience with a paracorporeal artificial lung in humans.

3-D Bioprinter: Organovo successfully created the NovoGen MMX Bioprinter™, the only commercial bioprinter in the world proven to create tissue. “Researchers can place liver cells on a preformed scaffold, support kidney cells with a co-printed scaffold, or form adjacent layers of epithelial and stromal soft tissue that grow into a mature tooth. Ultimately the idea would be for surgeons to have tissue on demand for various uses, and the best way to do that is get a number of bio-printers into the hands of researchers and give them the ability to make three dimensional tissues on demand, “ said Organovo CEO, Keith Murphy.