Cancer has become a pandemic that has led to the death of most people. Its often characterized by the growth of abnormal cells (mutations) that divide uncontrollably and have the ability to infiltrate and destroy normal body tissue. It can spread throughout the body. The good news is that the survival rates of the different types of cancer keep improving due to early screening, prevention, and treatment. Below we will explore everything you need to know about cancer.
Cancer symptoms will often vary depending on which body part is affected. However, the general symptoms people experience is:
- Weight changes that are not intended
- A lump can be felt under the skin
- Skin changes such as redness, yellowing or darkening, and sores that won’t heal
- Difficulty swallowing
- Unexplained and persistent joint and muscle pain
If you have the signs above, it doesn’t mean you have cancer. Go for screening for your doctors to help rule out.
Diagnosis of cancer is crucial and, more importantly, very effective during the early stages. However, it’s essential to consult your doctor to know the type of cancer screening best for you. Some of the cancer diagnosis methods include
They will test urine and blood when screening for cancer in the laboratory. This will help doctors to detect any abnormalities that can be caused by cancer.
A doctor will examine your body by touching some parts to detect the presence of a lump that may be caused by cancer. Additionally, the doctor will examine your skin color to determine if you have cancer.
The doctor will collect a cell sample for testing when conducting a biopsy. Additionally, you will require different sample collection methods depending on cancer’s location.
Your doctor can consider doing the Imaging test to examine your organs and bones in an invasive way.
Different treatment methods are available, but they depend on the type and stage of cancer and its location.
Clinical trials are a great way to help you get the right treatment. You need to participate in clinical trials such as breast cancer research studies which helps scientist advance. There are many clinical trials underway that can result in a cure.
Most times, you can consider doing surgery which helps to remove cancer as much as possible.
This is one of the most known methods involving drugs and cancer. This will depend on the stage and the type of cancer you have to consult with your doctor to know If you need chemotherapy.
Using Radiation Therapy
Cancer can be treated with high-powered energy beams such as protons and X-rays. The radiation can be used by placing the machine inside the body, also known as brachytherapy, or using a machine outside the body.
The above are the diagnosis, symptoms, and treatment of cancer. Ensure you consult with your doctor to know the best treatment method that will work best for you. Always stay positive during your treatment.