Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are not the same thing. A disease is preceded by an infection, which occurs when bacteria, viruses, or parasites assault the body. While an infection may have no symptoms, a disease will always have obvious symptoms.
The underlying causes of STDs
An STI is the root cause of all STDs.
These illnesses are typically spread through sexual contact., such as body fluids or skin contact during vaginal, oral, and anal intercourse. Others of them never develop into diseases, especially if treated, and some even go away on their own. An STI will proceed to an STD if the bacteria that caused the infection end up harming cells in the body and altering its activities.
While the list of STIs is extensive, there are far fewer STDs.
They vary from pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) caused by STIs such as chlamydia and gonorrhea to certain cancers caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). The following are the most common STDs to be aware of.
Warts on the genitalia
These skin-colored or white pimples appear on the genitals or anus, and over 350,000 people have them each year. They are treated but not cured since the virus that causes them may still be present. (In certain circumstances, HPV just vanishes.) Genital warts can also go on their own, although they can also reappear. If you wish to get rid of them, you have several alternatives, including freezing or burning them off, as well as applying a chemical cream or liquid.
Although some HPV strains do not cause illness, others can induce aberrant cell changes. This can result in malignancy; such as mouth cancer.
- Cervical cancer
- Vulvar cancer
- Penile cancer
- Anal cancer
HPV is responsible for almost all cervical cancers, as well as more than 90% of anal cancers, 75% of vaginal cancers, and more than 60% of penile cancers. The symptoms of various malignancies differ depending on where they affect the body. Swellings and tumors, as well as bleeding and discomfort, are frequent. Cancer is frequently simpler to cure if it is detected early, using chemotherapy, radiation, or surgery.
With today’s therapies, many HIV patients enjoy long and healthy lives.
However, if left untreated, the virus can progress to AIDS, a condition in which the body becomes prone to dangerous infections and diseases.
AIDS patients may have the following symptoms:
- rapid loss of weight
- severe exhaustion
- neurologic disorders
There is no cure for AIDS And, owing to the wide range of diseases that might be developed as a result of a severely impaired immune system, the average life expectancy without treatment is roughly three years.
It is difficult for healthcare experts to identify an STD based just on symptoms, so they will need to do certain testing and examinations.
Depending on the suspected STD, this might entail:
- bodily exams
- body fluid swabs
- a blood test
Keyhole surgery or a colposcopy are examples of specialized techniques.
Treatment options for STDs
STDs can have a variety of physiological impacts on the body. Depending on the problem, there are several treatment methods available, including:
- Other drugs, either oral or topical
You may also be encouraged to undertake lifestyle changes, such as refraining from sex until your therapy is over.